So what is a juicer? The Wikipedia has a great definition for this:
A juicer (also known as juicing machine or juice extractor) is a tool used to extract juice from fruits, herbs, leafy greens and other types of vegetables in a process called juicing. It crushes, grinds, and/or squeezes the juice out of the pulp (Source: Wikipedia).
So a juicer is a kitchen appliance used for extracting juice from fruits and vegetable by simply crushing the ingredients, squeezing them, then separating them from the pulp to give you a clear drink.
The juicer is a bit different from a blender in which while the juicer separates the juice from the pulp; the blender mix them together (juice and pulp) to make a smoothie.
In case you want a blender instead of a juicer; then check the top 5 best blenders here.
Types of Juicers
There are three types of juicers namely:
Centrifugal juicers also called fast juicers
The centrifugal juicers are a type of juicing machines that process ingredients very fast by crushing them then spin them at a high speed separating juice from the pulp.
These machines are quite popular in the market today and very cheap in price compared to the slow juicers.
In process of producing juice at high speed you end up get less juice compared to the one produced by the slow juicers. These juicing machines produces more pulp which is a bit wet as well.
And because of high extraction speed, friction and heat occurs in the process causing oxidation to take place which degrade the taste and quality of the juice if stored for long. The way out is to drink your juice immediately after finishing juicing it. This will help you get most of the nutrients, vitamins and antioxidants that are good for your general health.
The centrifugal juicers also are not good at juicing soft fruits, greens and wheatgrass.
Apart from these few limitations; the fast machine are still great; they produce juice very quickly, they are quite cheap, some of the models allow you to add the fruits without chopping them first hence saving you more time to do other things.
Masticating also called Slow Juicers
The Masticating also referred to as slow juicers are just an opposite of the centrifugal juicers. They produce juice very slowly.
The slow processing results into less oxidation as there is less to no heat involved in the process meaning that you get high quality juice that you can even store it for one to two days without it losing its nutrients and vitamins necessary for body functioning.
The masticating juicing machines however, are quite expensive compared to the fast juicers; you can get the best one for at least £250 while you can get the centrifugal for £100 or less. However in the long run the slow juicers are worth it, they yield more juice, some come with lengthy warranty for peace of mind, easy to use and clean. They are also great for processing wheatgrass and soft fruits like berries compared to the centrifugal.
Fruit Specific Juicers
Fruit Specific Juicers (e.g. citrus, wheatgrass)- these are type of juicing machines that are design for a specific purpose for instance juicers for processing citrus fruits (oranges, lemon, grapefruits) or wheatgrass.
These juicing machines are quite cheap and very effective in what they do but most of them are just only for personal use. You can get one for as little as £20 to £50 price range.
The leading juicers brands include: Kenwood, Sage, Bosch and Philips to mention but a few offering a great range of juicers ranging from personal juicers to family juicers.
Some of their machines come with a transparent container with scale to help monitor the amount of juice produced. You also get cups for storage or drinking on a go.
Other add-ons include cleaning brush for helping cleaning juicers parts, a recipe book to get you started in no time, pre-programmed functions to give you a quick and easy start, a pulse function and much more.